Ibores Cheese Making Recipe
Ibores in an all time favorite cheese of Spain, it comes from the far west of the country. Until recently, this was perhaps one of the least known parts of Spain. The region it comes from is the land of extremes, as noted by the name, Extremadura.
- 3 Gallons Goats Milk (Not UltraPasteurized)
- 1/16 tsp MA 4002 Culture
- 1/4 tsp Calcium Chloride (Optional)
- 1/4 tsp Single Strength Liquid Rennet
- 2 lbs Cheese Salt (for Brine)
- Spanish Smoked Paprika & Olive Oil
- 14+ Quart Stainless Steel Pot
- Good Thermometer
- Knife to Cut Curds
- Spoon or ladle to Stir Curds
- 1 E28M Cheese Mold
- Butter Muslin
- Cheese Press (or Weights Totaling 75 lbs)
- Ibores Info
- Q & A
Acidify & Heat Milk
Heat 3 gallons of milk to 86°F (30°C). You do this by placing the milk in a pot or sink of 120-140°F water. As the milk reaches the target temperature, add cool water to the hot water until the water bath is about 2-3°F above the target temperature. If you do this in a pot on the stove, make sure you heat the milk slowly and stir it well as it heats
Once the milk is 86°F add 1/16 tsp of MA 4002 Culture. This is a combo of Mesophilic, which will lead the conversion of lactose to lactic acid, and Thermophilic, which will produce minimal acid development but shines in the aging room to help develop a supple texture in the final cheese.
To prevent the culture from caking and sinking in clumps, sprinkle it onto the surface of the milk and wait 2 minutes for the culture to re-hydrate before stirring it in.
Allow the warm milk to rest quiet for 60 minutes while the culture revives and begins to ripen. It will produce a small amount of acid during this time and should be keep warm.
Coagulate with Rennet
After ripening for 60 minutes, it's now time to add 1/4 tsp of single strength liquid rennet.
Alow the milk to sit quiet quitely for another 60 minutes while the rennet coagulates the curd. The milk will begin to thicken (flocculate) at about 15 minutes,but will need to sit for the full 60 minutes for a proper curd to form. The thermal mass of the milk should be enought to keep the temperature elevated while the milk sits, it's ok if the temperature drops a few degrees.
To check for a good curd, insert the flat of a knife into the curd at a 45 degree angle and lift slowly until the curd breaks. The edges of this break should be quite clean and the whey that rises should be clear and not cloudy.
While waiting for coagulation, you can sanatize your cheese mold and draining cloth.
Cut Curds & Release Whey
When a firm curd has formed, it can be cut into 1/4 inch pieces. Adter cutting allow it to rest for about 10 minutes. Don't let the curds mat together, but give them enough time for a good layer of whey to rise to the top. If they start to mat, give them a gentle stir after about five minutes, then let them settle again.
Note: I cut my curds by making a large vertical crosscut with a long knife. Allowing the curd to rest for a few minutes and whey to rise up, then I use a whisk with thin wires make the final 1/4 inch cuts
Drying the Curds
Now it's time to dry out the curds. This is done by bringing the heat slowly back to 86°F (30°C). The total cooking time will be 30 minutes and may be extended a few minutes if the curds are still too soft. The curds should be stirred gently during the time so they don't mat toghther.
The final curds should be cooked well through and should be examined to make sure enough moisture was removed. A broken curd should be firm throughout and the curds should have a moderate resistance when pressed between the fingers.
When this point is reached the curds can be allowed to settle under the whey.
Forming the Curds
The sanitized mold and drain cloth should be in place at this point and the dry curds are now ready to transfer to the mold. Begin by allowing the curds to settle to the bottom of the pot and then drain the whey down to about 1-2 inches above the curd mass.
The curds can then be given a good stir to separate them before transfer. The curd can then be transferred to the form along with the remaining whey. The whey tends to float the curds into position and minimize any mechanical holes. A good hand pressure will help to consolidate the curds.
Neatly fold the draining cloth on top of the curd mass and place the follower on top.
You are now ready for pressing the cheese.
For pressing, begin very light and slowly then increase the press weight to a moderate level:
- 60 minutes at 25 lbs
- 90 minutes at 50 lbs
- 4 hours at 75 lbs
After the initial run of residual whey from the form, the rate of whey running off is simply a matter of drops and not a stream of whey being released. This is a good rate of whey removal during pressing and will slow even more as the residual free moisture is released. The form should show tears of whey weeping from the form very slowly. When this stops you can increase the weight slightly.
The cheese should be removed from the press, unwrapped, turned, re-wrapped, and put back to the press at the above intervals to assure an even consolidation.
At each turn you will notice the cheese has formed a smoother surface and rests lower in the mold.
The pressed cheese should now have a nice smooth rind with no openings in the surface. Any cracks or openings will lead to problems with mold in the aging room.
You should have a saturated brine prepared for salting this cheese. You will find all of the details you need on brining here.
A simple brine formula is: 1 Gallon of water to which is added 2 Lbs of Salt, 1tbs. Calcium Chloride (30% solution), and 1 tsp. white vinegar.
The cheese now needs to be set in the brine for about 3 hours. The cheese will float above the brine surface so sprinkle another teaspoon or 2 of salt on the top surface of the cheese.
Flip the cheese and re-salt the surface about half way through the brine period.
Preparing the Rind
At the end of the brine bath, wipe the surface and allow the cheese to surface dry for a day or two before waxing. The surface will darken somewhat during this time and a white dry powdery surface will appear.
The next step is what makes this such a fabulous cheese! This region of Spain is also known for the special Smoked Paprika that it produces and this, along with the local olive oil is used to prepare the rinds. This rind treatment does ward off the molds as well as produce a very wonderful aroma and flavor that slowly permeates the cheese.
The cheese is brushed clean of any mold or loose surface powder to prepare a nice clean surface for the oil/paprika coating. I prepare the mix with just enough oil to make a thick paste/slurry to coat the cheese. Remember the Paprika is the key here for the flavor/aroma.
The Cheese is then rubbed with the Paprika until it is well coated. In a day or so the oil will be absorbed into the cheese, leaving a dry Paprika coat on the outside.
This treatment can be repeated as needed to remove any molds that try to grow and to add more Paprika for flavor.
The cheese can then be placed into your aging space at 52-56°F and 80-85% moisture. The cheese can be aged for 4-6 weeks and it will be ready for your table.
Where is Ibores from
Ibores is one of my all time favorite cheeses of Spain. It comes from the far west of the country, until recently, perhaps one of the least known parts of Spain.
The region it comes from is the land of extremes, as noted by the name, "Extremadura."
This is a region of hot, dry summers; cold winters, and mountain ranges separated by vast flat plains, where little grows beyond low grasses and cork oaks. Much of the area, not being suited for crops, instead provides a home for herds of sheep and goats, which supply some truly unique cheeses from the region, and the foraging pigs that make up the famous Iberian hams.
The Cheeses of Spain
When I talk about Spanish cheese in my workshops, I often ask participants to name 3 Spanish cheeses. "Manchego" is the quick response, and then the group usually goes quiet. This is primarily due to the lack of cheese being exported from Spain and a direct result of the failed leadership of Francisco Franco in Spain for almost 40 years.
During this period many of the cheeses typical to small regions were outlawed in favor of large commercial cheese factories. Fortunately, many of the rural cheese makers ignored this edict and continued making and selling cheese in their local "underground", but none traveled or were exported.
The map shown to the right is a good example of the diversity of these Spanish cheeses that survived this period. Today we are beginning to see more of these cheeses being introduced to the world marketplace and this is a very good thing.
The one positive thing about this limiting production of many Spanish cheeses is that it preserved some of the historical cheeses from becoming overly industrialized and losing their traditional character. When the ban on making these cheeses was lifted, one by one those that remembered the details of how they were made came forth and revived the traditional cheese as they best remembered them.
This is the case in the area we focus on in this recipe, Extremadura. Located in the far west of Spain, tight against the border of Portugal, Extremadura remains a land of herdsmen. It is a vast expanse of scrubby, semi-cleared forests of holmoak, cork oak, pine and beech and is known as the 'Dehesa'. This wild, often communal, pasture land provides the ideal grazing conditions for sheep and goats, both of which provide milk for a range of outstanding regional cheeses.
What is Ibores?
Ibores is a full fat cheese made from goat milk. The local stock of Serrana, Verata, and Retinta goats are well adapted to the region and thought to be introduced by the Moors centuries ago when they occupied much of Spain.
The cheese is traditional pressed cheese and of medium moisture, with a ripening time of 3-4 months or longer.
Traditionally, the cheese was made with no added culture, working only with the natural bacteria of the milk and milking environment. However, due to fermentation problems over the years, many producers have switched to using prepared cultures to improve the success of this cheese. Unfortunately, some folks with long taste memories have begun to notice a drift in flavor and aroma from this change in process.
The most unique quality of the cheese is the orange-red rind due to the coating of the surface with the local smoked paprika and the olive oil, both of which are produced in the area.
The flavor and aroma of this smoky paprika blends well with the bright supple character of the cheese. Over the time that the cheese spends in the aging room, this flavor permeates the cheese. It is a truly wonderful way to finish the cheese.
I usually make this cheese several times a year. It has become a family tradition, especially around the holidays. Jim Wallace's recipe works like a charm and many thanks to Jim for detailed recipes. Enter the following site in your browser address to see photos of my cheese. http://galbi.biz/cheese/95_Ibores_from_goat_6_26_16/indexC95.html
Opened this cheese a few weeks ago, just getting around to sending my thoughts, as with other cheeses I have made, I used y’alls recipe and the steps were quite clear and easy to follow, the results was a cheese that has a mild smoky flavor with a mild after taste, all that tried it loved it. I will, by demand, make it again. Thanks for y’all help with my new hobby !