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Moos-Letter 2018 January


The Fantastic Moos-Letter | January, 2018
Cheddar cheese recipe, meet happy cheese makers and have fun along the whey...
The Fabulous Moos-Letter
January, 2018
We Wish You a Very Happy New Year!
Left to right: Sarah, Angie, Kathy, Jeff, April, Mark, Jocelyn, Jeri, Mary and Ricki
Recipe of the month
Cheddar Cheese
Step into the world of Cheddar with this wonderful recipe we've been perfecting over the years.

In addition to making your own Cheddar, you'll learn why there are so many different varieties around the world and understand the history of this fantastic cheese.

Since we've tasted a lot of cheddar, and made many variations, we're able to give you our favorite recipe. It's the one we make ourselves, and the one Jim makes when you attend our 201 workshops. We hope you enjoy it as much as we do.
Click Here for Jim's Complete Recipe
Beginner Resources
Cheese Making 1,2,3
A beginners guide from milk to cheese.
Start Here
Beginner FAQ's
From milk and cream to rennet and aging.
Browse FAQ's
How-To Guides
Learn to make a brine, cheese cave & more.
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Cheese Workshops
Beginner and advanced workshops.
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Questions and Answers
(Q)I made an Edam, and after brining it, I was letting it air dry as I usually do. This time, however, as it was drying, the rind got a little greasy which hasn't happened before. I was wondering what might be the problem and if I need to do anything to take care of that before waxing? It is a 3.5 lb wheel made with raw whole cow's milk.

(A)This is likely due to the changes in raw milk with the seasons. It could also be that you are drying it at a slightly too high temperature. Try lowering it a bit.
(Q) I have two Nigerian Dwarf goats who give high butterfat milk. My chevre turns out wonderfully every time; however, my buttermilk forms a solid mass in the jar! I follow the directions on the package of culture (C21) for temp, time, etc. so I am wondering what is the best way to adjust the directions for goat milk? Also, can I use some of the newly-made buttermilk to make a second batch, or do I need to use a fresh package of culture every time?

(A) The problem may be with the amount of natural bacteria already in your milk. Too much acid causes the protein to coagulate. This will vary through the year as the seasons change. It will also vary with the time between milking and making and with the way the milk is stored.Your controls will be:
1. Amount of bacteria you add
2. Ripening time
3. Temperature

By adjusting these factors, you should be able to control the acidity of your milk. Your goal is to keep the milk from thickening to the curd forming state.

Regarding your second question, you should be able to use the buttermilk you make as a mother culture.
(Q) I am making Manchego for the 2nd time. The first time I let it age only a week but now that I have a better setup, I am going to let it age much longer.

It is in a plastic box, sitting on top of a piece of wood. When I started, I put a sponge and wet cloth in the box. But, the past few days I have noticed the humidity going very high. I took out the wet cloth. That didn't work. I took out the wet sponge and put in a smaller one. That didn't work, so I took the sponge out totally. There is nothing in the box except for the cheese and the thermostat. Still, the humidity is 89%. Could the cheese itself be giving off the humidity?

(A) Yes, the cheese itself will give off a lot of humidity, especially in the beginning and especially if it is a higher moisture cheese.
(Q) I currently have a butterkäse cheese aging and I'm wondering if it's normal to have blue mold growing on the surface along with the Geotrichum Candidum. I wash the cheese in light brine every couple days but it's very persistent in coming back. Also, when I turned the cheese today, I noticed small yellowish spots growing on the surface of the cheese. The spots scrape off easily with the edge of a knife with no discoloration underneath. Is this normal? I also have those yellow spots and (shiny looking) blue mold on the havarti I am aging, along with some light gray-ish colored spots that also scrape off easily. I think the gray ones may mean the humidity is too high, but I was hoping you could provide some guidance.

(A) The yellowish spots are likely the coriniforms common in washed rind cheeses but they will grow on any cheese with a lot of moisture. Hence, also, the blue and black molds.

Either the cheese body is too moist or the aging space is too humid - perhaps both. It could also be caused by excessive washing and by not drying down between washes.
Do you have a cheese making question?
Send it to
In The Spotlight
Dianne Miller in Imnaha, Oregon
Dianne Miller and her husband, Sam, retired to the mountains of eastern Oregon 4 years ago. Their goal was to raise and sell Nubian dairy goats.

They have accomplished their goal and they are now breeding their goats for high protein and butterfat levels. The milk from their herd averages 4.4% butterfat!

In the process of all this, Dianne has learned to make cheese and butter with their excess milk. (That's her cream separator at work in the picture.)
Click Here for More About Dianne
Cheese Making News
It's a New Era in Pakistan
I attended a Christmas gala in Islamabad at the German embassy. The ambassador was dressed as Santa and we had people from different nations.

I was invited to this occasion by my German friend, Claus Euler who makes and sells wonderful German sourdough breads.

Our stall was the hit of the day and we sold out every piece. It was a reunion with my customers from France, Britain and various other countries.
I feel happy to tell you that cheese making is now my full time business. My team and I are busy making cheese and we consistently supply it to domestic and commercial customers in all the major cities. I have to build a cold storage within 1-2 months to meet the demand.
People are becoming aware of the difference between non-processed and processed cheese.

By the way, my cheddar, halloumi, buffalo mozzarella and cream cheese are best sellers and we are making raclette now as well.
The cheese we named "Cambrie Jerry" is suddenly recognized by the same cafe and I have 20 kg orders per month now (44 pounds). It resembles brick cheese and they are trying it on pizza.

Hopefully, in the coming years, FCM (Farmers Cheese Making) will be the largest artisan, non-processed cheese producer in the country. Many others are getting inspired and trying their hands at cheese. A few are selling at farmer's markets, too. Thus, an era of cheese making has started here in Pakistan.
Imran Saleh, Lahore, Pakistan
We'd love to hear from you!
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Visit Our Blog
Little Tidbits - 019
Making Butter - Part 1
Flavoring Butter - Part 2
Molding Butter - Part 3
Storing Butter - Part 4
Holiday Party with Veterans
Cheese Classifieds
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For Sale
Two like-new True model TH23 heated incubator cabinets. I use them to incubate yogurt. The cabinets stand 7 feet tall on wheels, 27" x 30," 850 watts/7.8 amps each, 110 volts. Stainless steel in and out. They work wonderfully, but I've outgrown them. Larson Farm and Creamery802-645-0865
Used 70 gallon vat pasteurizer, 40 gallon soup kettle for sale - Pasteurizer does not include chart recorder, thermometers, or airspace heater. $3,000 for pasteurizer, $500 for kettle. Contact Tyler -
500 gal vat pasteurizer with sweep agitation, CIP, side scrape. $11,000. Feldmeier 252 DT all S/S continuous pasteurizer. 30' L x 6.5'H $12,000. 15 HP CIP System with 2 tanks, Anderson AJ 300. All S/S. $6500. Bertoli Homogenizer. 500-800 L/Hr. $6400. Delta, BC, Canada. Prices in Canada dollar = .78 USD.
Everything you need to create your own cheese room. Includes a Qual-Tech 2000 lb capacity vat with probes and chart recorder, vertical press, make up tables, harps, molds, etc. All in excellent condition. Milking equipment is also available including a pipeline and bulk tank. Located in southeastern Connecticut.
HTST pasteurizer. Adjustable flow and capable of pasteurizing 1-5 gallons of milk per minute. Complete with data recorder. $20,000 obo. Maine 207-341-3599
Free standing, light weight, air operated cheese press. This custom made unit is fully adjustable from 0-100 pounds per square inch. It has two air operated presses with stainless steel molds and followers. $989. Josh Clayberg, 479-957-2280 Siloam Springs, Arkansas, 72761
Used commercial cheese presses (2) - $175.00; 500 gallon cheese vat ($6,000); Cheddar machine. ($1000) Excellent Condition. Shipping not included. In Arkansas. or 501-379-9111
45 gallon MicroDairy Designs vat pasteurizer located in northeast Alabama. This vat is in excellent working condition and has been in seasonal use for the last 4 years. Asking $10K. Visit for pictures. Please email me at

Four bred East Friesian dairy ewes for sale. They'll lamb around April 1. Three ewes are bred to an East Friesian / Tunis ram and one of the ewes is bred to a pure East Friesian ram. $450 firm. If you buy all 4, $400 / each. Marshall, NC. Buyer responsible for shipping. 828-545-9202
Jobs & Employment
Seasonal farm intern on a small-scale sheep dairy, Blue Pepper Farm, in the Adirondack mountains of New York. Duties include: milking, chores, grazing management, farmers market, assist yogurt production. Room/board and weekly stipend. April - September, 2018. Shannon at
Cheese Events
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